Tag: Tesla Model S

The Tesla Model S is a battery-powered lift-back car serving as the flagship model of Tesla, Inc. The Model S features a dual-motor, all-wheel drive layout, although earlier versions of the Model S featured a rear-motor and rear-wheel drive layout.

Development of the Model S began prior to 2007, under the codename “White Star”. The Model S was officially announced on June 30, 2008, and a prototype vehicle was unveiled in March 2009. The Model S debuted on June 22, 2012. In February 2017 the Tesla Model S P100D debuted, which included a revised motor and was the first electric vehicle to have an EPA estimated range exceeding 300 miles (483 km). A refresh of the Tesla Model S, codenamed “Palladium”, was introduced in June 2021, offering a new “Plaid” performance model, along with a revised interior, powertrain, and suspension.

The Model S became the first electric car to top the monthly new-car-sales ranking in any country, leading twice in Norway, in September and December 2013 and in Denmark in December 2015. Sales passed 250,000 units in September 2018. The Model S was the top-selling plug-in electric car worldwide in 2015 and 2016, although it was later surpassed by the Model 3. Upon its release, the Model S received positive reviews, with praise for its acceleration and range, although initial models received criticism for their high cost and braking issues.


Manufacturer: Tesla, Inc.

Production: 2012 – present


  • United States: Fremont, California (Tesla Fremont Factory)
  • Netherlands: Tilburg (2013 – 2021)

Designer: Franz von Holzhausen



Class: Executive car/Full-size car/Mid-size luxury car (E)

Body style: 5-door liftback


  • Rear-motor, rear-wheel drive
  • Dual-motor, all-wheel drive (D models)

Related: Tesla Model X


Electric motor: Front and rear motor combined output up to 615 kW (825 bhp), 1,300 N⋅m (960 lb⋅ft), 3-phase AC induction motor

Transmission: 1-speed fixed gear ratio (9.734:1 or 9.325:1); direct-drive

Battery: 100 kWh lithium ion

Discontinued: 60 (40), 70, 75, 85 and 90 kWh lithium ion

Electric range

  • 75 kWh (270 MJ) 249–259 mi (401–417 km) (EPA)
  • 85 kWh (310 MJ) 253–272 mi (407–438 km) (EPA) 310 mi (500 km) (NEDC)
  • 90 kWh (320 MJ) 270–294 mi (435–473 km) (EPA)
  • 100 kWh (360 MJ) 348–402 mi (560–647 km) (EPA)

Plug-in charging: Onboard charger

3ϕ 400 V 16 A (Type 2);[3] 1ϕ 85–300 V 48 A (new front fascia variant)

Optional charger: 20 kW from 1ϕ 277 V 72 A

Dual charger: 21.1 kW from 1ϕ 264 V 80 A and 22 kW from 3ϕ 400 V 32 A; 19.2 kW from 2ϕ 240 V 80 A[4] (old front fascia variant); 16.5 kW from 3ϕ 400 V 24 A (new front fascia variant)[citation needed]

Offboard charger: Supercharger at 150–250 kW DC


Wheelbase: 116.5 in (2,960 mm)

Length: 195.9 in (4,980 mm)


  • 77.3 in (1,964 mm) (ex. mirrors)
  • 86.2 in (2,189 mm) (inc. mirrors)

Height: 56.5 in (1,440 mm)

Curb weight: 4,323–4,960 lb (1,961–2,250 kg)